In accordance with article 271b of the Act of 27 April 2001, Environmental Protection Law, Chief Inspector of Environmental Protection is competent to implement Minister's of the Environment tasks related to: prevention of the major accidents, transboundary effects of the accident and accidental pollution of boundary waters.
Act of 27 April 2001 - Environmental Protection Law (particularly title IV thereof) implements the provisions of Directive 2012/18/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directive 96/82/EC and Convention on the Transboundary Effects on Industrial Accidents. The aforementioned legal acts regulate issues related to prevention of major accidents that may result from the specific industrial activities and reduction of their effects on human health and environment.
The detailed functions of the Inspectorate of Environmental Protection related to the prevention of major accidents are determined in Act of 20 July 1991 on Inspection for Environmental Protection. The aforementioned functions include:
- control of the operators whose activity may constitute the cause of major accident;
- research on causes of the effects of major accidents on environment and ways of their elimination;
- keeping register of establishments, whose activity may cause major accidents, including upper tier and lower tier establishments;
- keeping register of the major accidents.
The Inspectorate of Environmental Protection cooperates with the competent authorities in preventing major accident and supervises the elimination of the effects of this accident.
National legislation on the prevention of major accidents are regulated by the following legal acts:
- Act of 27 April 2001 - Environmental Protection Law and implementing acts issued on its basis:
- Ordinance of the Minister of Development on the types and quantities of dangerous substances whose presence in the plant results in the plant's classification as a higher risk plant or a plant with a high risk of a major industrial accident;
- Ordinance of the Minister of Development on requirements to be met by safety report for un upper tier establishment;
- Ordinance of the Minister of Interior and Administration on requirements to be met by the emergency plans;
- Ordinance of the Minister of Interior and Administration on the detailed scope of information that are required to be made public by the State Fire Service;
- Act of 20 July 1991 on Inspection for Environmental Protection and issued on its basis Ordinance of the Minister of the Environment of 30 December 2002 on major accidents that are subject to notification to Chief Inspector of Environmental Protection;
- Act of 27 March 2003 on spatial planning and development;
- Act of 3 October 2008 on the provision of information on the environment and its protection, public participation in environmental protection and environmental impact assessments.